Background of ptosis – disease of droopy eyes.

different ptosis

Ptosis, also called blepharoptosis is a disease which causes droopy eyelids. If the patient is a kid then the it is called congenital. In this case, the illness is inherited. Actually ptosis itself is not a disease but a symptom. There are numerous diseases and conditions which make levator muscle loose. This muscle is the main which controls the opening and closing of our eyes. If it is damaged, weak or injured we develop ptosis. Brain damage is one of the reasons for ptosis because damaging nerves will prevent supplying levator muscles and they will not function regularly. Diabetes and myasthenia gravis, both of them are causing eye problems including ptosis. Muscle diseases are extremely dangerous because they affect the way muscles are shortening and could damage surrounding tissue.

But why is ptosis so bad?

The answer is complex. If ptosis is minor the effect will be asymmetric eyelids and bad appearance. But if it is not minor then your vision is limited and sometimes it is even blocked almost completely. This could be a serious health problem because people need to see and use both of their eyes.

There are not a lot of symptoms except the drooping eyelids. If you have a kid you should check if their creases in the eyelids fold evenly. If they are not, don`t hurry to the conclusions. It is important to consult with a specialist before any interference in the eye area. Usually, kids who have ptosis have a specific head position to optimize their vision. If your kid is lifting his chin up in order to improve his vision you should book an appointment for some tests.

What is the right way to diagnose ptosis?

First, the specialist will ask the patient to make an eye test. It is needed because he should determine if the ptosis is interfering the patient`s vision. There are a lot of different kinds of eye tests but even the simplest will work in this case. For example, if the patient is a kid an eye chart will be enough. The second step is the blood test. It is used to detect more serious disease as specific nerve damages, autoimmune conditions or diabetes. There is a chance the specialist to use X-rays to determine if there are structural abnormalities around the eyes. If your doctor wants to use X-rays, don`t panic.

The treatment depends on what is causing it. If it is diabetes your doctor will give you recommendations. If it is simply ageing then you should consider cosmetic surgery. Ptosis surgery includes tightening and shortening the eye muscles and reducing the quantity of the excess skin if it is needed. Eyelid lifting works for most of the cases and the vision and appearance of the patient are drastically improved. If children`s ptosis became an amblyopia then the children should wear a patch on the healthy eye. This is a method which will make the lazy eye works harder and improves the condition of the patient. Ptosis surgery will reduce the risk of amblyopia.

Like every surgery, ptosis surgery has some risks refers that there is a chance patient to have troubles closing their eyes completely. This kind of cosmetic surgery tightens the muscles; there is a possible risk of asymmetrical eyelids. The last risk is abnormal lid creases.

However, if you manage to find a good cosmetic surgeon all the risks will be irrelevant.

Have in mind that during cosmetic surgery is used local anesthetic and the surgeon should have enough experience with these kind procedures.